Wu Yi Yan Cha(武夷岩茶）/WuYi Rock Tea
Wuyi Rock-essence Tea
Source: wuyishan.gov.cn & english.cntv.cn
Wuyi Rock Tea enjoys a long history. Being one of the top tea in China, it is also the forefather of Oolong tea. It played an important role in the tea development in China. During the North and
South Dynasty (about 479 A.D) the tea had already been well-known. Later in Song and Yuan Dynasty it was paid as a tribute to the royal family. In the sixth year of Dade Reign in Yuan Dynasty
(about 1302 A.D), a Royal Tea Garden was set up by the bank of the Fourth-bend of the river. In Ming Dynasty tea makers improved the tea-processing techniques, thus producing the oolong tea,
which is the present Rock tea. In the 17th century, Wuyi tea was even sold abroad and enjoyed an even greater reputation.
Wuyi Rock Tea, with its "special rock charm and fragrance" is well-known at home and abroad. The most famous is the Big Robe Tea for it is the King of Tea.
The Wuyi Rock Tea is especially noted for its high quality, due to its natural environment of green mountains and clear waters, as well as its unique techniques. Therefore when you drink the tea, you'll fell an everlasting fragrance in your mouth. The "rock charm" of the tea has always been a delight and a desire.
The main component of Wuyi Tea is middle-sized or small-sized leaves and tea made of these leaves is called Wuyi rock-essence tea, which is the earliest Oolong Tea and the treasure of Oolong Tea. It grows in the area governed by Wuyishan City.
The meaning of Wuyi rock-essence tea: It’s Oolong Tea with unique flavor grown in specific natural ecological environment in Mount Wuyi, bred and cultivated from proper tea trees and made with unique traditional technology.
The traditional varieties of Wuyi rock-essence tea are: Shuixian, Rougui, Wuyicaicha, Aijiaooolong and so on.
Rare varieties: Chosen from Wuyicaicha, there are Big-Red-Robe, Tieluohan, Baijiguan, Shuijinggui, Bantianyao, Beidou and so on.
Products of Wuyi rock-essence tea are divided into Big-Red-Robe, Mingcong, Rougui, Shuixian and Qizhong.
We mainly plant and make Oolong Tea as well as Black Tea and Green Tea.
The sale of Wuyi Tea: As export was forbidden before Ming Dynasty, it was mostly for the domestic market. People used to trade tea for horses in Shanxi and Nermeng, which extended to Russia later on. At the end of Ming Dynasty, merchants from Holland, England and France came to purchase Wuyi Tea and sold it to European markets. Nowadays, besides export, Wuyi rock-essence tea is mainly sold to south Fujian and Guangdong and is beginning to enter markets of North China. Black tea is still sold to European countries.
The Legend of "the Big Robe Tea"
The Big Robe Tea is regarded as the King of the Wuyi Rock Tea. It's once paid as a tribute to the royal family. It's our national essence. Due to its magic fragrance, clear taste and refreshing charm, it has been well-known at home and abroad. According to the legend: during the Qing Dynasty, a scholar wanted to Beijing for an official examination. When he got to Tianxin Temple (now the Yongle Temple) in Wuyi mountains, he suddenly felt a stomache. But instantly after he drank the tea given by the monks in Tianxin Temple, he got recovered. Thus he went just in time for the examination. Moreover he won the title of the Number One Scholar. To thank the tea, the scholar came back himself to pay a homage to the tea. He burned scents and put his own big robe on the tea, thus giving rise to its present name.
It is engaged in textual research that there were tea plantation A.D.200 in Wuyi Mountain moved from southwest of China. Wuyi Tea was praised in A.D.479-502. The earliest recorded history was in A.D.806-820. Mr Sunqiao of Tang Dynasty praised Wuyi Tea as lately sweeten marquis with personification.
Best articles of tribute:
In A.D.1302, the Royal Tea Farm was built beside the Jiuqu River of Wuyi Mountain. It had existed for 255 years of Yuan and Ming Dynasties.
The Tea Art of Wuyi Rock-essence Tea:
Burn incense and be calm . Burn the mineral water. Show the tea to the guests;Pour the boiled water on the teapot. Drop the Oolong tea into the teapot ;Pour the boiled water into the teapot from high position. Spring wind fondle the face;Oolong enters the sea. Pour the boiled water on the teapot once more;The mother feeds her child. The lucky Dragon falls the rain . Phoenix bowing;Conjugal Harmony . Carp Leaping into the Dragon’s Gate. Severing the Scented Tea .Appreciate the Tea Water. Smell Fine Frangrance . Sip Tea.
Wuyi Rock Tea is the most powerful natural weight loss solution available to the public today. It is a unique combination of ingredients working synergistically for efficient weight loss when combined with healthy diet. The tea enjoys the reputation of "the top slimming tea in China." It was introduced to europe in the 18th century. Favored by people at home and a broad, Wuyi Rock Tea has once been crowned as " The medicine to cure all kinds of disease".
Varieties of WuYi YanCha
here are many kinds of Wuyi rock-essence tea, with famous teas of several dozens. Among these kinds, the “famous plants (Mingcong)” called “the king of rock-essence tea” is the most famous and rarest. The “four most famous plants” refer to bright red gown (Da-hong-pao), ferric arhat (Tie-luo-han), white cock (Bei-gong-ji) and watery goldfish (Shui-jin-yu). The bright red gown tea, the best kind among oolong and which grows on the crag of the Tianxin Rock, is clear and smells sweet after being brewed in boiled water. Besides the mellow, faint scent, the ferric arhat tea, the earliest tea in the Wuyi Mountain, has the function of fever cure. There is some other famous tea like Wuyi cinnamon.
Tea leaves from the heartland of Wuyi Mountain, called “Zhengyan Tea”, are the most excellent among all kinds of Wuyi rock-essence tea. As these tea leaves are brewed in the water, they smell sweet and mellow for a long time and taste without bitter or acerbity. This unique sweet smell is called “Yanyun (Lasting Appeal of Rock)”.