Chinese Handmade Gongfu Tea Ceremony Tea Set Collection
YiXing purple clay /Yixing Violet Sand Earthenware
Yixing violet sand earthenware is the most famous pottery made using violet-colored sand, a local material with a hard and fine texture, dark colors, and used for exquisite workmanship. Different mixing techniques and cooking temperatures results in works of a variety of colors such as azure, chestnut, dark red, pear yellow, vermillion purple, crabapple red, light grey, greenish black, and more.
This most iconic of Chinese pottery boasts varied shapes and delicate combinations of lines and planes. Two major designs exist, including imitations of certain natural objects such as fruits or flowers. Major products include tea sets, flower pots, and others, with tea sets being the most famous. The earthenware is fantastic for maintaining the scent of the tea while infusing, and the color of the liquid during storage. On hot days, tea does not spoil if sitting in a violet sand tea set, and the material allows such that it holds heat but does not burn the hands. Of them all, the violet sand tea set was named the king of tea sets around the world.
Qinzhou Nixing pottery
Nixing pottery of Qinzhou in the Guangxi Province, one of the 4 famous types of pottery in China, is hailed as a most unique art. It is a specialty of Qinzhou and made from peculiar red clay. Nixing pottery has a history of over 1,000 years, and the oldest pieces found were produced around 618 AD. In recent years, this type of earthenware became popular again and has increased in popularity among collectors and consumers both domestically and abroad.
Through the unique quality of the clay and its delicate craftsmanship, Qinzhou Nixing pottery appears archaic, with a bronze or dark reddish brown color. It usually includes a flambé glaze and turns azure after being fired in high temperatures. Moreover, its surfaces become surprisingly smooth after polishing. The variety of typical Nixing pottery items is over 600, with the majority being tea sets, stationery, tableware, vases, coffee utensils, incense tripods, and antique imitations.
Nixing pottery is also popular because of its unique functions. It can withstand strong acids and bases, keeps things fresh against dampness, and is non-toxic. The pieces also maintain the taste and color of tea for days, and even in hot weather, tea stored in the pottery does not spoil. This also applies to food. Moreover, a tea scent lingers in the pot after it has been used for a long time, and the fragrant herbal scent continues to exists, even without tea, by pouring hot water into the pot.
Jianshui pottery is short for Jianshui artistic pottery, a wonderful style of Chinese artistic earthenware with a history of more than 200 years.Producing artistic pottery takes a combination of high-quality materials and well-developed techniques, each complementary and indispensable to each other. Jianshui pottery is just the kind of high-quality pottery to result from such a perfect combination. Around Wanyao Village in the suburb of the town of Jianshui, the abundant clay contained in the surrounding area is of excellent quality and suitable for making high-grade pottery due to its fineness, glossiness, and good viscosity. Families of pottery craftsmen have been making Jianshui pottery for generations. Various types of these works are made with 5-color clay through delicate processes like body blank, painting, carving, scraping, clinkering, and polishing. They are beautifully shaped with elegant and antique vintage patterns, and their outsides are fine and glossy. The brightly colored surfaces are shiny and, when you knock on it, the sound is like knocking on bronze and stone tablets. All of these features reflect the strong ancient ethnic flavor of China.
Longquan celadon refers to Chinese celadon produced in Longquan kilns which were largely located in Lishui prefecture in southwestern Zhejiang Province. With those in other prefectures the total of discovered kiln sites is over two hundred, making the Longquan celadon production area one of the largest historical ceramic centers in all of China.Longquan celadon use of local high-quality porcelain clay, soil Zijin, quartz chinaware and other raw materials, forming the pile after the traditional, carved, front, engrave, engraved, sticky, zoned skills such as hand-made of semi-finished products, and then glazing, at about 1300 ℃ high temperature to restore the atmosphere of heavy firing, glaze the high iron was reduced to low iron, so a dark green enamel.
As the world-famed ceramic capital, Jingdezhen City has a long history of ceramics making and a rich cultural heritage. In accordance with the historical records, “Xinping (as the city was known as then) began to make pottery in Han Dynasty”. It is evident that pottery was first made in Jingdezhen in Han Dynasty. In the first year in Jingde Reign of Song Dynasty (1004), the royal court decreed the city made porcelain wares for imperial use with the wording “Made during the Jingde Reign” printed on the bottom of every piece. Hence the city got its name “Jingdezhen”. From Yuan Dynasty to Ming and Qing Dynasty, emperors sent their officials to Jingdezhen to supervise the manufacture of royal porcelain. They set up the Porcelain Office and built the royal kiln, which produced many wonderful ceramic articles.
The porcelain made in Jingdezhen enjoys the praise of "as white as jade, as thin as paper, as sound as a bell, as bright as a mirror" .Guo Moruo (the late famous historian and scholar) highly praised the brilliant ceramic history and culture in Jingdezhen and the ceramics connected the Jingdezhen to the world closely with the poem that "China is well known by the porcelain, the famous porcelains are made in this city."
Among them were those particularly famous for the four classic decorations: blue and white, famille rose, color glaze，contrasted colors,Colour enamels...
Ru Kiln, one called "Head of All Kilns on the Earth" in Chinese porcelain history as one of the five famous kilns ("Ru, Guan, Jun, Ge & Ding Kilns") in Song Dynasty, gets the name of "Ru" Since it is located in Ruzhou.This kiln was specially picked out to produce porcelain for the court in Song Dynasty, so its products were called "RU Palace Porcelain" i.e. "Ru Porcelain" put simply. Whose soft quantity, delicate workmanship, unique color and colorful penetrations give you delightful enjoyment and pleasure, Quite often resulting in such characteristic effects of "Blue like the sky, gentle like the gem, fine like cicada' s wings, shining like the stars and smooth like the glaze". Ru Kiln technique survived various wars and anarchical periods in history with much treasured pieces of porcelain spread all over the world in museums of Peking, Taipei, Britain, Japan, etc; since it is the world' s rare treasure of mankind.Ru porcelain was exclusively for imperial use. It was produced on a small scale within a twenty-year period, and artisans conversant in its production techniques were few. There are believed to be just 60 pieces of Ru porcelain extant. Of all ancient Chinese ceramics, those made in the Ru kilns are the most precious, mainly because they are so rare.
The Jun kilns were based in Henan Province and had locations throughout its Yu County. As of today, over 100 kiln sites have been discovered. Some of which specially produced porcelain ware for the imperial courts, with a history that dated back to the Tang Dynasty; its most flourishing period was during the Song Dynasty. the unique feature of Jun porcelain lied with its special turbid glaze, which contained low concentrates of copper oxide. If we consider iron oxide the coloring agents for celadon and black porcelain, then Jun porcelain gained its wonderful hues from copper oxide. Copper turns green in oxidation fire and red instead in reduction atmosphere. Due to the small traces of copper oxide in Jun porcelain glaze, its color was often green infused with violet, as if the rosy clouds during sunset. Even the blue contained in Jun porcelain was different from the usual celadon; it was a blue with a milky tone. The successful creation of Jun porcelain was a great achievement by the craftsmen of the song Dynasty. its mysterious and unpredictable colors have gained the love of the people during its time, making the Jun kilns one of the most famous around.