The history of Chinese ceramic production is very long, starting about 7,000 to 8,000 years ago in the Neolithic Age by humanity’s ancestors who started the craft of making and using pottery. Among other accomplishments, porcelain is one of the most significant inventions from ancient China. The people made primitive porcelain early in the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC-1046 BC), and real porcelain was first made in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25–220). Porcelain manufacturing in China then gradually developed from the early Wei, Jin, and North and South dynasties to the most recent Ming and Qing dynasties. Ceramic, as well, was one of the 3 greatest specialties from the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC - 9 AD) and its products have become internationally known. The town of Jingdezhen in the Jiangxi Province is regarded as China’s "Porcelain Capital."
YiXing purple clay /Yixing Violet Sand Earthenware
Qinzhou Nixing pottery
Anfu Pottery in Rongchang
Anfu Pottery is made in Anfu Town, Rongchang County, southwest China's Chongqing. Together with Yixing Pottery in Jiangsu, Qinzhou Pottery in
Guangxi, and Jianshui Pottery in Yunnan, they are named as four famous types of potteries in China.
According to historical records, Anfu has been famous for pottery making since the Han Dynasty. Developed unceasingly through Tang and Song Dynasties, the pottery production in Anfu reached its peak in Ming and Qing Dynasties.
Anfu pottery enjoys great fame for its "fine clay", which is known "as thin as paper, as resonant as chime stone (an ancient musical instrument in China), and as bright as mirror". In production process, craftsman should focus on the beauty of "modeling, carving, glazing, and firing". In 2010, the production technique of Anfu pottery was listed as state-level intangible cultural heritage.