Gongfu tea is famous in every household in chaoshan district. It is often the case that they make tea and serve their guests. Chaoshan gongfu tea is very well-known custom in China culture and it is one of four Golden Flower in the southern place. The fundamental spirit of it can be seen as the following: peace, love refinement and nobleness. Peace represents the harmonious atmosphere. Love represents the kindness, refinement represents the beauty of tea set and the particular way of making tea and nobleness represents the nobility of the mind.
Gong Fu tea ceremony appliance:
炭炉：charcoal stove 电随手泡：an instant electrical kettle
陶壶：a pottery kettle 紫砂壶：a boccaro teapot
瓷壶：a porcelain teapot 盖碗：a covered teacup
闻香杯：sniff-cup/fragrance –smelling cup
品茗杯：the tea-sipping cup 茶叶罐：a tea canister
水盂：a tea basin 茶盘：a tea tray 托盘：a tea serving tray
公道杯：a Fair mug (Gongdao Mug) 过滤网：a filter
茶夹：the tea longs
China Tea Culture
The Zisha Clay teapots are producted in Yixing,Jiangsu Province.
The Zisha Clay tea-wares are precious handicrafts ,which are collecting as objects of art .
The inside wall of the white porcelain tea-sipping cup preserves the fragrance . It allows the drinker to smell the frangrance remained in the cup after sipping the tea .
The tea basin is used for washing teacups or holding litters such as fruit skins ,peedings ,and seeds .
The Fair Mug is mainly used to balance the thicknees of tea liquor .
Green tea is a non-fermentesd tea with qualities often known as “one tender and three green”. “one tender ” refers to tender tea leaves , and “three green”refers to thegreen colored tea leaves ,the green colored tea liquid ,and the green colored tea dregs .
Black tea is the compiete fermented tea .
Oolong tea has big varieties ,main types include Dahonggpao Tea ,Tieguanyin Tea ,Phoenix Dahongpao Tea ,and Taiwan High Mountain Tea
Dahongpao (Big Red Robe),also known as the “King of Tea ”,grown in Wu-Yi Mountain ,Fujian Province
Tieguanyin tea (Iron Mercy Goddess )is the most farmous Oolong tea ,which is grown in Anxi ,Fujian Province .
Grown in Guangdong Province ,Phoenix Dancong Tea (Fenghuang Unique Bush ) possesses the largest varieties of fragrance
Judging by their different characters ,pu’er can be divided into two categories as raw pu’er and fermented pu’er .
Raw pu’er tea ,which is made of the tender leaves of the broad-leaf tea tree in Yunnan province ,is the green tea dried in sun.
Cooked pu’er is fermenting with the useful microorganisms in the humiod and hot condition
In the Qing Dynasty ,pu’er was one of tribute teas
Pu’er tea have effectiveness in renducing body weight and blood fat
“Water is the mother of tea .”The quality of water is essential to the flavor of tea .
When soft water is used to make tea ,the tea will have a melloe taste
GongFu Tea Ceremony Process:
烧水：heat up water
茶艺表演：tea ceremony performance
盖碗：the lid is for the sky , the bottom is for the earth, and the body is for the person. When we combine these three things together, we call it 三才cup
温杯、洁具：pour into the hot water until half-full,then throw the water out of the teapot. It can warm up the teacup
乌龙入宫：we use the shovel to get some tea and put the oolong tea into the teapot
悬壶高冲：lift up the pot and pour the water into the pot, the tea-leaf will flowing with the water, in this way, we can wash the tea and force the smell of tea come out
春风拂面：we use the cover of teacup to scratch the bubble on the surface
若琛出浴：use the tea to warm up the cup, in this process, we should turn the cup around
关公巡城：pour the tea into every cup in order, we should bear these four words in mind: low,fast, even and尽
韩信点兵：when the tea is nearly ran out, put the rest of tea into every cup. Every drop of water should be distributed evenly
敬奉香茗：now it is time for our guests to enjoy the tea.
三龙护鼎：use the thumb and the index finger to hold the body of the cup,and use the middle finger to 顶 the cup
鉴赏汤色Now we can drink the tea, before that, we should watch its color carefully. If it is in good quality, the color should be clear, golden. Bright and bring a sense of enjoyment
细闻幽香Then we can smell its fragrance, the laurel smell, the orchid smell will definitely make you pleasant
品啜甘霖now we can drink the tea. There is a special kind of feeling when you hold the tea in your mouth and drink it very slowly into your heart